Download e-book for kindle: The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the by Michael E. Mann

February 2, 2018 | Climatology | By admin | 0 Comments

By Michael E. Mann

The ongoing attack on weather technology within the usa hasn't ever been extra competitive, extra blatant, or extra commonly publicized than when it comes to the Hockey Stick graph -- a transparent and compelling visible presentation of medical facts, prepare through Michael E. Mann and his colleagues, demonstrating that international temperatures have risen together with the rise in industrialization and using fossil fuels. right here was once an easy-to-understand graph that, in a look, posed a chance to significant company strength pursuits and those that do their political bidding. The stakes have been just too excessive to disregard the Hockey Stick -- and so started a continuing assault on a physique of technology and at the investigators whose paintings shaped its medical basis.

The Hockey Stick completed prominence in a 2001 UN document on weather switch and speedy grew to become a significant icon within the "climate wars." the genuine factor hasn't ever been the graph's facts yet relatively its implied hazard to those that oppose governmental law and different restraints to guard the surroundings and planet. Mann, lead writer of the unique paper within which the Hockey Stick first seemed, stocks the tale of the technology and politics in the back of this controversy. He unearths key figures within the oil and effort industries and the media frontgroups who do their bidding in occasionally slick, occasionally bare-knuckled methods. Mann concludes with the genuine tale of the 2009 "Climategate" scandal, during which weather scientists' emails have been hacked. this is often crucial interpreting for all who care approximately our planet's wellbeing and fitness and our personal well-being.
(2/1/2012)

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The ongoing attack on weather technological know-how within the usa hasn't ever been extra competitive, extra blatant, or extra broadly publicized than with regards to the Hockey Stick graph -- a transparent and compelling visible presentation of medical info, prepare by way of Michael E. Mann and his colleagues, demonstrating that international temperatures have risen along with the rise in industrialization and using fossil fuels. the following was once an easy-to-understand graph that, in a look, posed a hazard to significant company strength pursuits and people who do their political bidding. The stakes have been just too excessive to disregard the Hockey Stick -- and so started a constant assault on a physique of technology and at the investigators whose paintings shaped its clinical basis.

The Hockey Stick accomplished prominence in a 2001 UN record on weather switch and speedy turned a imperative icon within the "climate wars. " the true factor hasn't ever been the graph's information yet fairly its implied hazard to those that oppose governmental legislation and different restraints to guard the surroundings and planet. Mann, lead writer of the unique paper within which the Hockey Stick first seemed, stocks the tale of the technology and politics at the back of this controversy. He unearths key figures within the oil and effort industries and the media frontgroups who do their bidding in occasionally slick, occasionally bare-knuckled methods. Mann concludes with the genuine tale of the 2009 "Climategate" scandal, during which weather scientists' emails have been hacked. this is often crucial studying for all who care approximately our planet's well-being and our personal well-being.
(2/1/2012)

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The magnetic field lines about a linear current form concentric circles in a plane perpendicular to the line current. 1) where u is the electron velocity, m is the electron mass, eis the electron charge, v is the electron collison frequency with particles in the medium, and E and Bare the electron and magnetic field intensities. The u x B force is directed inward in the radial - r direction and can cause inward electron motion, the pinch. A formal relationship may be deduced with the aid of Maxwell's equations and the definition of the current, J = Neu, where N is the electron density.

Mass spectrometer analysis was used to determine the gas species and concentrations. It was found that the concentrations of ozone and nitrogen oxides, which were assumed to be N02 , were much higher than in normal air. The values cannot be used to form a strictly valid model, as such gases are also formed during normal lightning discharges.

The photographs are critically evaluated in Chapter 6. A major factor in the difficulty of evaluating such photographs is the means used to record the phenomena. Single-frame camera photographs can easily be misinterpreted because of the small amount of information available in a single photograph. The preferred manner for the recording of a possible bead lightning event is with fast-filmrate movie cameras and simultaneous observers. 14. Photograph of a bead-lightning-like discharge channel produced with a large Tesla coil at a potential of about 2 x 10 7 V with a discharge energy of about 12 J per pulse.

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The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines by Michael E. Mann


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