New PDF release: Innovative Saline Agriculture

February 2, 2018 | Climatology | By admin | 0 Comments

By J.C. Dagar, P.C. Sharma, D.K. Sharma, A.K. Singh

ISBN-10: 8132227689

ISBN-13: 9788132227687

ISBN-10: 8132227700

ISBN-13: 9788132227700

The land degradation as a result of salinity and waterlogging is an international phenomenon, afflicting approximately 1000000000 hectares in the sovereign borders of at the least seventy five international locations. along with watching the nutrition defense, it has some distance achieving and unacceptable socio-economic results for the reason that a wide share of this land is inhabited through smallholder farmers. The anthropogenic-environmental adjustments and the weather switch are additional including to the matter of salinity and waterlogging. The phenomenon of sea-level upward thrust will deliver extra parts lower than waterlogged salinity as a result of inundation by way of sea water. therefore, facing the salinity actually is turning into a hugely exhausting activity due to its advanced nature, uncertainty and differential temporal and spatial affects. however, with the necessity to supply extra foodstuff, feed, gasoline, fodder and fiber to the increasing inhabitants, and non-availability of recent efficient land, there's a desire for productiveness enhancement of those lands. in reality, the salt-affected and waterlogged lands can't be missed due to the fact large investments were made in the course of the global within the improvement of irrigation and drainage infrastructure. The social, monetary and environmental bills being excessive for theon-and/off-farm reclamation strategies, saline agriculture together with agroforestry inculcated with glossy cutting edge strategies, is now rising as a possible software not just for arresting salinity and waterlogging yet for different environmental companies like mitigate weather swap, sequester carbon and biodiversity recovery. This book makes an attempt to deal with a variety of concerns, ideas and practices on the topic of the salinity inquisitive about rehabilitation of waterlogged saline soils and sensible use of saline waters together with sea water. a few of the web site particular case reports usual to the saline setting together with coastal ecologies maintaining productiveness, rendering environmental providers, preserving biodiversity and mitigating weather switch were defined intimately. Written via major researchers and specialists in their personal fields, the publication is a needs to, not just for salinity specialists but in addition for coverage makers, environmentalists, scholars and educationists alike. extra importantly, it contributes to reversing the salinity traits and teaches to maintain with salinity making sure the livelihood of resource-poor farming households leaving in harsh ecologies together with coastal components that are extra susceptible to weather change.

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2008; Qadir et al. 2008; Yensen 2008; Flowers et al. 2010; Tomar et al. 2010; Rozema et al. 2013; Hasannuzzaman et al. 2014; Dagar et al. 2009, 2013, 2015c). Species such as Distichlis palmeri, Chenopodium quinoa, C. album, Pennisetum typhoides, Salicornia bigelovii, Diplotaxis tenuifolia and many others have been established as food crops, are being explored commercially and can be cultivated using sea water for irrigation. Similarly species of Atriplex and Maireana; grasses Leptochloa fusca, Chloris gayana, C.

Prosopis juliflora produced the highest biomass (57 Mg haÀ1), followed by A. nilotica (51 Mg haÀ1), Casuarina equisetifolia and Terminalia arjuna (42 Mg haÀ1 each), Pithecellobium dulce and Eucalyptus tereticornis (32 Mg haÀ1 each), Prosopis alba (28), Pongamia pinnata (27 Mg haÀ1), Cassia siamea (22 Mg ha À1 ) and Azadirachta indica (19 Mg haÀ1). These tree species improved soil in terms of reduction of pH and exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP), and increase in organic carbon significantly. When these trees were harvested after 14 years of plantation, maximum biomass production was achieved in Eucalyptus tereticornis, A.

Eburnea, A. leucophloea, Terminalia arjuna, Samanea saman, Cassia siamea, Albizia procera, Borassus flabellifer, Prosopis cineraria, Azadirachta indica, Dendrocalamus strictus, Butea monosperma, Cassia siamea, Feronia limonia, Leucaena leucocephala, Tamarindus indica, Guazuma ulmifolia, Ailanthus excelsa, Dichrostachys cinerea, Balanites roxburghii, Maytenus emarginata, Dalbergia sissoo, Salix babylonica, Cordia rothii, Kigelia pinnata, many others Tolerant (20–30) ciliaris and Eragrostis sp. are other grasses, which are salt tolerant and can be grown in silvopastoral systems on saline conditions.

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Innovative Saline Agriculture by J.C. Dagar, P.C. Sharma, D.K. Sharma, A.K. Singh

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