By Stefan Reis, Clare Howard, Mark A. Sutton
This booklet examines the prices excited by decreasing ammonia emissions from agricultural practices in addition to the capability merits for weather switch mitigation. It positive aspects contributions by means of specialists in agricultural creation approaches, manufacturers of agricultural gear and repair companies in addition to scientists who check the difficulty from an eu point of view.
Coverage examines all agricultural creation levels ranging from animal feed and housing, together with the garage and alertness of liquid and sturdy manure and of mineral fertilizer. additionally, the booklet seems on the courting among ammonia keep watch over and greenhouse fuel emissions and info the profits (Greenhouse fuel and pollution Interactions and Synergies) version for estimating expenses and decreasing ammonia emissions from agriculture. Examples and case experiences from choose ecu international locations, together with Italy, Switzerland, Russia, eire, and Spain, offer readers with distinctive reviews of ammonia abatement expenses and the effectiveness of imposing keep an eye on measures lower than various stipulations. This e-book is the results of knowledgeable Workshop held lower than the auspices of the UNECE conference on Long-range Transboundary pollution (CLRTAP) and organised through the duty strength on Reactive Nitrogen (TFRN). The findings of this workshop have knowledgeable the improvement of records helping the revision of the Gothenburg Protocol and supplied researchers and practitioners with very important new info. Bringing jointly a wealth of key details at the bills of ammonia abatement and the weather co-benefits, this monograph offers readers with deep perception into this complicated issue.
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Additional resources for Costs of Ammonia Abatement and the Climate Co-Benefits
International Congress of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, Copenhagen, Denmark Jacobsen BH, Abildtrup J, Orum JE (2005b) Reducing nutrient losses in Europe and implications for farming – in the light of the water framework directive. 15th Congress of the International Farm Management Association, Campinas SP, Brazil Jensen LS, Schjoerring JK, van der Hoek K, Poulsen HD, Zevenbergen JF, Palie´re C (2011) Benefits of nitrogen for food fibre and industrial production. In: Sutton MA, Howard C, Erisman JW, Billen G, Bleeker A, Grenfelt P, van Grinsven H, Grizzetti B (eds) The European nitrogen assessment.
Evidently, farmers will make additional costs when discussing the balances with other farmers and extension services. They have to meet and visit each other’s farms. Moreover, additional analyses and calculations at compartment levels (feed, 24 O. Oenema et al. animal, manure, land) may be needed, to identify the best options for improving the overall performance of the farms (Oenema et al. 2001; Rotz et al. 2005). This is key to N management; the activities must be seen within the context of improving the overall agronomic and environmental performances of the farms (as emphasized also in the definition of N management in the Introduction section).
A benefit of about 1 euro per kg N. The effect of increasing the crop N yield and the N fertilizer value (at similar N input) depends on the value of the crop; the beneficial effect of the case examined in Fig. A1 is large, due to the assumed doubling in crop N yield; a net benefit > 1 euro per kg N. Decreasing the N input below the economically optimum N application progressively increases the cost of the N savings, through progressively declining crop N yields. This holds especially for high-value crops, such as vegetables, nursery trees, flowers.
Costs of Ammonia Abatement and the Climate Co-Benefits by Stefan Reis, Clare Howard, Mark A. Sutton