Download e-book for iPad: Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics: Essays in Honour by H. R. Post (auth.), Steven French, Harmke Kamminga (eds.)

February 2, 2018 | Essays | By admin | 0 Comments

By H. R. Post (auth.), Steven French, Harmke Kamminga (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048142296

ISBN-13: 9789048142293

ISBN-10: 9401711852

ISBN-13: 9789401711852

This quantity is gifted in honour of Heinz publish, who based a distinc­ tive and exotic university of philosophy of technology at Chelsea collage, collage of London. The 'Chelsea culture' in philosophy of technological know-how takes the content material of technological know-how heavily, as exemplified via the papers offered right here. The unifying topic of this paintings is that of 'Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics', after the name of a vintage and seminal paper by way of Heinz put up, released in 1971, that is reproduced during this quantity with the type permission of the editors and publishers of experiences in heritage and Philosophy of technological know-how. defined by means of Paul Feyerabend in opposed to technique as "brilliant" and " . . . a partial antidote opposed to the view which i attempt to guard" (1975, p. sixty one, fn. 17), this paper, peppered with illustrative examples from the background of technological know-how, brings to the fore a few of Heinz Post's crucial issues: the heuristic standards utilized by scientists in developing their theories, the intertheoretic relationships which those standards mirror and, specifically, the character of the correspondence that holds among a thought and its predecessors (and its suc­ cessors). the looks of this quantity greater than two decades later is an indica­ tion of the fruitfulness of Post's contribution: philosophers of technology proceed to discover the problems raised in his 1971 paper.

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Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Chicago, 1970), 107 and 148. CORRESPONDENCE. INV ARIANCE AND HEURISTICS Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics 17 229 of generality or deducibility. The well-confirmed part of a theory extends only up to a certain level. The S-theory is stripped of dispensable, not independently confirmed superstructure. ) The manner in which this well-confirmed part S* is inherited by the new theory is such as to preserve coherence within S*; it is taken over wholesale.

Successive good theories do not merely exhibit family resemblances: S*, though never defined exactly, does not shift. It is 56 Cj. Weyl, Raum, Zeit, Matene (Berlin, 1919), 263. 'Maxwell's theory and analytic geometry are practically interchangeable in their mathematical constitution .... ' Maxwell's equations can be derived from the assumptions (i) that the electrostatic field is a vortex-free vector field; (ii) that its sources are conserved; (iii) Lorentz invariance. CORRESPONDENCE, INV ARIANCE AND HEURISTICS Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics 27 239 pinned down by facts.

B. Bonnor, 'Solutions of Maxwell's Equations for Charge Moving wi th the Speed of Ligh t', Internatumal Journal of Theoretical Physics, 2 ( 1969), 373-9) . This amounts 21 22 CORRESPONDENCE, INV ARIANCE AND HEURISTICS Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics 11 223 namics (before 1906) to allow calculation of the absolute 24 values (beyond the mere temperature dependence) of chemical equilibrium constants from thermal data. This led Nernst to postulate his third law, making the value of the missing integration constant zero.

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Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics: Essays in Honour of Heinz Post by H. R. Post (auth.), Steven French, Harmke Kamminga (eds.)

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