By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee
Nationwide climate provider Modernization Committee, fee on Engineering and Technical platforms, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide examine Council
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The ongoing attack on weather technological know-how within the usa hasn't ever been extra competitive, extra blatant, or extra greatly publicized than in relation to the Hockey Stick graph -- a transparent and compelling visible presentation of medical info, prepare through Michael E. Mann and his colleagues, demonstrating that worldwide temperatures have risen together with the rise in industrialization and using fossil fuels. the following used to be an easy-to-understand graph that, in a look, posed a risk to significant company strength pursuits and those that do their political bidding. The stakes have been just too excessive to disregard the Hockey Stick -- and so all started a constant assault on a physique of technology and at the investigators whose paintings shaped its clinical basis.
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Additional info for Continuity of NOAA Satellites
One additional GOES is needed in orbit as a ready spare to protect against a dangerous, protracted loss of full, two-satellite coverage if one operational GOES fails. Even more severe, although far less likely, would be an outage of continual, real-time coverage if both satellites in orbit should fail before a replacement could be made operational. Dependence on commercial launches for GOES can lead to delays of well over a year, even if a spacecraft is available for launch. Recommendation 7. To ensure the continuity of two-GOES coverage, NOAA should store a standby GOES in orbit, rather than on the ground, if this is technically and operationally feasible and cost effective.
C The European METOP satellite are to assume the AM orbit: NOAA and NPOESS satellites will cover the PM orbit. m. local standard time). b About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.
Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. ENSURING CONTINUITY 31 NPOESS era. Based on stated assumptions, these studies included predictions (based on Monte Carlo techniques) of satellite in-orbit availability for the next decade or so. The results of these studies are not exact, however, because of the uncertainty and dispersion in the reliability data and because of the assumptions used. However, the committee found that the results do provide order of magnitude estimates and indicate their sensitivity to variations of parameters and assumptions.
Continuity of NOAA Satellites by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, National Weather Service Modernization Committee