By Michael B. Smith
The Compendium of natural man made tools sequence enables the operating chemist's look for the main priceless practical team differences in natural chemistry. Drawn from an exhaustive survey of the literature, Compendium of natural artificial equipment, quantity 12 comprises either useful staff alterations and carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions. writer Michael Smith adheres to stringent standards for directory reactions, together with genuine artificial software and reagents which are both available or simply ready and dealt with within the laboratory.
a transparent organizational scheme-chemical changes labeled first by means of reacting useful staff of beginning fabric, then via useful workforce formed-allows for fast reference and data retrieval. Compendium of natural artificial equipment, quantity 12 presents an unheard of resource of knowledge at the equipment, reactions, and ameliorations in modern natural chemistry for the operating chemist and scholar alike.
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Additional resources for Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods (Volume 12)
E . BERRY, Ind. Engng. , Anal. Ed. 9 , 7 7 ( 1 9 3 7 ) . L . A. 24, 1 3 ( 1 9 4 7 ) . L . SILVERMAN, Ind. Engng. , Anal. Ed. 13, 5 2 6 ( 1 9 4 1 ) . DETERMINATION OF CARBON IN SODIUM PART A. RAPID QUALITATIVE METHOD FOR ELEMENTAL CARBON BASED O N PARTICLE SIZE DISTRIBUTION Sources. Carbon may be present in sodium metal as elemental carbon, as oxide (possible carbonate) and as carbide. The carbon may be released for analytical purposes as elemental carbon, as carbon monoxide, as carbon dioxide or as hydrocarbons.
WET ANALYTICAL METHODS Sources. For carbon monoxide, the suspected compound hexasodium hexa c a r b o n y l may be the source. Acetylene could be produced from alkali metal carbides, calcium carbide, and other carbides such as uranium, thorium, chromium, etc. Analytical range. Acetylene and carbon monoxide are usually present in the fractional ppm range. Larger amounts of acetylene are possible (up to 10 ppm) under special conditions. Synopsis of the methods. Water or alcohol is added to the sodium sample to evolve carbon monoxide, acetylene, etc.
A METHOD FOR TOTAL CARBON (HYDROCARBON + OXIDE CARBON + ELEMENTAL CARBON) Sources. The sources have been described. Analytical ranges. The expected ranges have been noted. Synopsis of the methods. Hydrocarbons are evolved from the sodium by contact with water, oxidized to carbon dioxide and measured; carbonate carbon is evolved by treatment with excess acid and measured as such; and elemental carbon is oxidized by wet combustion to carbon dioxide and measured as such. Sample size. A sample size of about 5 g is suggested.
Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods (Volume 12) by Michael B. Smith