Climate intervention : carbon dioxide removal and reliable by не указан PDF

February 2, 2018 | Climatology | By admin | 0 Comments

By не указан

ISBN-10: 0309305292

ISBN-13: 9780309305297

ISBN-10: 0309305306

ISBN-13: 9780309305303

The indications are all over the place that our planet is experiencing major weather switch. it truly is transparent that we have to lessen the emissions of carbon dioxide and different greenhouse gases from our surroundings if we wish to keep away from significantly elevated threat of wear from weather swap. Aggressively pursuing a software of emissions abatement or mitigation will express effects over a timescale of many many years. How can we actively  Read more...

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Extra resources for Climate intervention : carbon dioxide removal and reliable sequestration

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2008; IPCC, 2013b). S. Census Bureau, 2012). , 2000). There are natural limits to the amount of carbon that can be removed from the atmosphere through reforestation and afforestation. When a forest ecosystem matures, the rate of CO2 uptake is balanced by respiration and the decay of dead organic matter. Based on land availability over the next 100 years, afforestation has been estimated to have a physical potential cumulative global impact of about 380 GtCO2 (Nilsson and Schopfhauser, 1995). Based on past soil carbon losses and the availability of land over the next 50 years, physical potential soil carbon sequestration estimates are between 110 and 180 GtCO2 (Lal, 2004).

39 C L I M AT E I N T E R V E N T I O N : C a r b o n D i o x i d e R e m o v a l a n d R e l i a b l e S e q u e s t r a t i o n Until the early twentieth century, the highest rates of deforestation occurred in temperate forests in Asia, Europe, and North America. However, deforestation had essentially stopped in the world’s temperate forests by midcentury. As deforestation slowed in the temperate zone, it increased rapidly in the world’s tropical forests (FAO, 2010). , 2008). , 2009). 1). The rate at which carbon can be removed from the atmosphere through afforestation and reforestation is determined by a number of factors, including the age of trees, species composition, temperature, geology, precipitation, carbon dioxide concentration, and site history.

The outlook is more pessimistic for the less industrialized societies and economies of the world, and grimmer still for many natural terrestrial, aquatic, and oceanic ecosystems (IPCC, 2013b). The past 10,000 years have been a period of relative climatic stability that has allowed human civilization to flourish, agrarian sedentary communities to replace a nomadic lifestyle, and cities to emerge on mostly stable shorelines. This has been true despite notable exceptions, such as the Little Ice Age and episodes of volcanic-influenced weather that resulted in famine and widespread travail (Parker, 2013; Wood, 2014).

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