By P. K. Swart, K. C. Lohmann, J. McKenzie, S. Savin
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Published by way of the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.
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This monograph is meant to offer atmospheric scientists a simple realizing of the actual and mathematical foundations of stochastic Lagrangian types of turbulent diffusion.
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Additional resources for Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records
Stable isotope composition of waters in southeastem California, 1. Modem precipitation, J. Geophys. , 97,5795-5812, 1992. J. K. Frape, and K. O'Shea, 'Ihe isotopic composition of precipitation and groundwater in Canada, in Isotope Techniquesin Water Resources Development, pp. 539-550, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, 1987. , and I. Friedman, Note on the great variation of deuteriumhydrogen ratios in rainfall for a single storm event, J. Appl. , 4,533-535, 1965. , and W. Dansgaard, Stable isotope survey of the fresh water occurrences in Israel and the northem Jordan rift valley, J.
Figure 29a shows latitudinal distribution of the deuterium excess values derived from the long-term annual means of 6D and 6"0 for the selected stations of the network. Stations of the northern hemisphere reveal a relatively large spread of the d-values, without any clear trend. , 1983,19901. For the southern hemisphere, a slight increase of the d-values can be noted between the equatorial region and 3 0 3 , followed by an apparentreduction of this parameter further south, with a distinct minimum around 65"s (Argentine Island).
95"s. 90T) constitutes an exception to this trend. Contrary to other Australian stations of the network, in Perth, as in the Mediterranean region, winter precipitation prevails. Although these apparent variations of the deuterium excess may properly reflect different conditions at vapor source regions (relative humidity, wind speed, sea surface temperature), scarcity of data documenting variability in these conditions does not allow any fm conclusions. The role of vapor source regions in establishing the deuterium excess values observed in precipitation is illustrated by Figure 29b showing the d-values for selected stations of the network, as a function of a fraction of winter precipitation in the total precipitation collected at the given station.
Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Records by P. K. Swart, K. C. Lohmann, J. McKenzie, S. Savin