By Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan
The nations of West Asia and North Africa (WANA) have lengthy had the problem of delivering sustainable livelihoods for his or her populations within the fragile ecosystems of semi-arid and arid parts. weather swap is already a truth in WANA and it areas extra constraints at the already fragile ecosystems of dry components and constrained ordinary assets in WANA. A entire and built-in method of making plans and enforcing the weather swap edition suggestions around the wide selection of agro-ecosystems in several nations in WANA may possibly aid either the planners and the neighborhood groups to deal successfully with the projected affects and in addition give a contribution to total sustainability of agricultural construction structures. This booklet addresses the real factor of weather swap and nutrition safety in West Asia and North Africa and offers the right techniques that could assist in the improvement of latest rules to higher adapt agriculture creation platforms and increase nutrients safeguard in WANA.
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Additional info for Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North Africa
Selvaraju Fisheries and Aquaculture Fisheries and aquaculture dependent livelihoods are expected to be affected through alteration of marine and freshwater fish species. Adverse impacts on ecosystems (coral reefs, wetlands, rivers, lakes and estuaries) are largely due to acidification and changes in water temperatures. Increased risk of species invasions and spread of vector-borne diseases may cause further deterioration of the sub-sector. Principal impacts for aquaculture in Near East are from deteriorating water quality and extreme climatic events.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 433–467 Christensen JH, Hewitson B, Busuioc A, Chen A, Gao X, Held I, Jones R, Kolli RK, Kwon W-T, Laprise R, Magaña Rueda V, Mearns L, Menéndez CG, Räisänen J, Rinke A, Sarr A, Whetton P (2007) Regional climate projections. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. 1 Climate Change in the West Asia and North Africa Region 25 Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change.
7). Reduced productivity induced by changes in climatic patterns is expected. Crop yields in the arid and semi-arid regions of Northern Africa and the Middle East are expected to decrease by as much as 10–30 % by the 2080 (IPCC 2001). FAO (2009) and World Bank vulnerability study in Morocco reported 15 % yield loss by 2050 for rainfed wheat and barley in favourable ecological zones. The study further concluded that up to 30 % yield loss by 2050 for sugar beet in favourable 2 Implications of Climate Change for Agriculture and Food Security… 39 zone and for barley in intermediate ecological zone could occur.
Climate Change and Food Security in West Asia and North Africa by Mannava V.K. Sivakumar, Rattan Lal, Ramasamy Selvaraju, Ibrahim Hamdan