By Colin Mackerras
China's fifty-five formally regarded ethnic minorities shape approximately eight% of the chinese language inhabitants, with over a hundred million humans, and occupy over 60% of China's territory. they're very various, and the measure of modernisation between them varies significantly. This ebook examines the present nation of China's ethnic minorities at a time whilst ethnic affairs and globalisation are key forces affecting the modern global. It considers the fields of coverage, financial system, society and diplomacy, together with the effect of globalisation and outdoors impacts.
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Additional resources for China's Ethnic Minorities and Globalisation
Yet the last few years of this period definitely see some signs that a process of globalisation was beginning. There was reference in this chapter to the ‘internationalisation’ of the Tibet issue in the second half of the 1980s. In addition, I have suggested above that the Dalai Lama’s speech before the Congressional Human Rights Caucus in Washington in September 1987 was a major spark for the independence demonstrations occurring shortly afterwards. The influx of tourism into Tibet in the mid-1980s certainly exercised some influence on developments in Tibet itself.
In many schools and universities I visited in the 1980s or in 1990 in ethnic areas, I heard that minorities found access easier than Han. 7 per cent). 04 per cent) (Mackerras 1994: 237). The impact of the policies was notable also in the particularly difficult region of Xinjiang which, as noted above, was among those areas where the minority cadres failed to reflect population as a whole. The veteran observer A. Doak Barnett (1993: 377), who had explored China’s far western regions in the late 1940s and revisited the area 40 years later, was impressed by the ‘much larger role than in the past’ that Xinjiang’s minorities were playing both in the leadership and bureaucracies, and even in the intellectual scientific elite.
From August 1979 onwards several delegations visited Tibet from Dharamsala and, to the surprise and dismay of the Chinese authorities, received a rapturous welcome from the people there. There were also two delegations sent to China in 1982 and 1984 representing the Dalai Lama, which held formal negotiations with the Chinese over Tibet. 10 The Chinese negotiators were not interested in such demands, and the negotiations got nowhere. Meanwhile, the Dalai Lama began travelling more actively throughout the world.
China's Ethnic Minorities and Globalisation by Colin Mackerras