By Carmen Jany
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Extra info for Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics)
2 Minimal pairs. The following set illustrates the phonemic status of /i~ o ~ u/: 9. 3 Vowel length. 004) notes that vowel length is rare and that it can sometimes be attributed to a sequence of VC(V), whereby C is most often a glide or a glottal stop. According to Berman (2001:1042), transcriptions of Martha Ziegler’s speech show no distinction in vowel length, while those of Abe Bush and Saxey Kidd do. Good (2002:10) proposes a system containing six vowels, given that vowel length is clearest for the low vowel as noted by Grekoff: a, a:, e, i, o, u.
These are illustrated below. 19. ’ -> čʰilintos pʰaˀyiaqleaˀ 26 20. one whistle ‘That one whistles’ 21. 2 Possible consonant clusters. Onset and coda clusters are very limited. Only four clusters are found in onsets in word-initial position: pq', tq’, tx, ṭx. 11, the two clusters having a velar fricative a second segment could also be interpreted as the aspirated stops /tʰ/ and /ṭʰ/ which are rarely found in the data. Examples of onset clusters are shown below: 22. pq’iliˀi tq’amina txeleˀi ṭxol ‘crooked’ ‘flea’ ‘flat and broad’ ‘crawfish’ Coda clusters are found word-medially and word-finally.
26. A-drop-immersingly-ASP The syllabification of geminates is unclear. With matching morphological and phonological alignment they would be heterosyllabic. 4 Summary of phonotactic restrictions. The phonotactic restrictions are summarized in Table 4: Table 4: Summary of phonotactic restrictions Word-initial Syllable-initial no r, kʰ rare all, p’ only before o, u y, w not ___i, u resp. y, w not ___i, u resp. h, ˀ elision possible Word-initial (only) Complex onset pq’, tq’, tx, ṭx Complex coda Word-final no ṭ, no č h rare vowel elision poss.
Chimariko Grammar: Areal and Typological Perspective (University of California Publications in Linguistics) by Carmen Jany