By Austin M. Patterson
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Additional info for Chemical Nomenclature (Advances in Chemistry Series 008)
T . , Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), 104A, 437 (1923). (3) Cheesman, G . , " M i n u t e s of Meetings of Inorganic Nomenclature Commission," IUPAC Conference, 1949. , and B r o w n , H. , J. Am. Chem. , 64, 317 (1942). In CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE; Advances in Chemistry; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1953. ch004 FERNELIUS—NOMENCLATURE OF COORDINATION COMPOUNDS 37 (5) Emeléus, H. , and Anderson, J. , " M o d e r n Aspects of Inorganic C h e m i s t r y , " p p . 92, 95, N e w Y o r k , D. , 1938.
The names indicating the anion can be combined with the name of the metal in two ways, illustrated by magnesium sulfate and sulfate of magnesium. In French, excluIn CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE; Advances in Chemistry; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1953. ADVANCES IN CHEMISTRY SERIES 44 sively, names of the latter type are used (sulfate de magnesium). The names of the first type are most convenient when the acid has a short name, and they could well be employed in French also. When, however, the acid has a very long name, the distance between the name of the metal and the ending -ate becomes unduly long, and in such cases it seems more convenient to use names of the French type, "3,5-dinitro-4-dimethylaminobenzoate of sodium" (in German: "Natriumsalz der 3,ô^Dmitro-4-dimethylaminobenzoesàure" or "3,5-dinitro-4-dimethylaminobenzoesaures Natrium").
Although the present system of naming these compounds gives no indication of structure, it seems hopeless to do this by any practical system of nomenclature. However, it is possible to indicate the central atom by calling them, for example, molybdophosphates instead of phosphomolybdates. Those combinations which arise from lattice considerations alone do not follow the pattern of combination of coordination compounds. Hence, they are excluded from consideration here. These have been variously designated as lattice, clathrate (85), or occlusion (89) compounds, or as adducts (54).
Chemical Nomenclature (Advances in Chemistry Series 008) by Austin M. Patterson