By Immanuel Wallerstein
Immanuel Wallerstein's hugely influential, multi-volume opus, The smooth World-System, is one in every of this century's maximum works of social technological know-how. An leading edge, panoramic reinterpretation of worldwide historical past, it strains the emergence and improvement of the trendy international from the 16th to the 20 th century. This new quantity encompasses the 19th century from the innovative period of 1789 to the 1st international struggle. during this an important interval, 3 nice ideologies--conservatism, liberalism, and radicalism--emerged based on the global cultural transformation that took place whilst the French Revolution legitimized the sovereignty of the folk. Wallerstein tells how capitalists, and nice Britain, introduced relative order to the realm and the way liberalism triumphed because the dominant ideology.
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Additional info for Centrist Liberalism Triumphant, 1789-1914 (The Modern World-System, Volume 4)
These import surpluses “preceded [the freer trade policies of the 1840s] by many decades” (Imlah, 1958, 6). “[T]he decline in raw-material prices [was] an effect of tariff reform” (Imlah, 1950, 189). . was responsible for only a part—a small part, indeed—of the reduction in tariff rates. . ” Rather, it was the invisible credits (the merchant marine, commercial commissions, savings of personnel remitted, and income from investments abroad) that “made up the deficit of her visible trade and supplied whatever new capital was invested abroad” (Imlah, 1948, 149).
For conservatives the terrifying aspect of the French Revolution was not only its individualism but also and particularly its statism. 21 And we are familiar with 21. See the discussion of Bonald’s views in Nisbet (1944, 318–319). ” 14 Centrist Liberalism as Ideology the famous characterization by Marx and Engels in the Communist Manifesto (1976 , 486): [T]he bourgeoisie has at last, since the establishment of Modern Industry and of the world market, conquered for itself, in the modern representative State, exclusive political sway.
It was less the immediacy of the threat to order than the fear that a serious threat might be in gestation. Clearly, there was an ideological message being conveyed to the urban workers, who were beginning to take too seriously the doctrine of popular sovereignty. The message became more concrete with the notorious Peterloo Massacre of 1818, but from the point of view of the authorities, the events 7. . ” This was not the case here. ” The government suspended habeas corpus in 1794, prosecuted twelve leading London radicals in May 1794, and in 1794 passed the “Two Acts”—the Seditious Meetings Act (any meeting of more than fifty persons needed the permission of a magistrate) and the Treasonable Practices Act (which forbade even speaking or writing against the Constitution).
Centrist Liberalism Triumphant, 1789-1914 (The Modern World-System, Volume 4) by Immanuel Wallerstein