The area future health association estimates that 7.6 million humans died of melanoma in 2005 and eighty four million humans will die within the subsequent 10 years if motion isn't really taken. greater than 70% of all melanoma deaths happen in low- and middle-income nations the place assets to be had for prevention, prognosis and therapy of melanoma are constrained or nonexistent. but melanoma is to a wide quantity avoidable. Over forty% of all cancers may be avoided. essentially the most universal cancers are curable if detected early and taken care of. regardless of past due melanoma the discomfort of sufferers could be relieved with strong palliative care.Cancer keep watch over: wisdom into motion WHO consultant for potent courses is a chain of six modules providing suggestions on all very important points of powerful melanoma keep watch over making plans and implementation. This moment module, Prevention, presents sensible suggestion for application managers answerable for constructing or scaling up melanoma prevention actions. It indicates easy methods to enforce melanoma prevention by means of controlling significant avoidable melanoma danger components. It additionally recommends options for constructing or strengthening melanoma prevention courses. utilizing this Prevention module, software managers in each kingdom, despite source point, can with a bit of luck take steps to decrease the melanoma epidemic. they could store lives and stop pointless soreness attributable to preventable different types of melanoma.
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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 10:202–208. Table 7. Stepwise approach to reduce occupational exposure to carcinogens Core • Develop regulatory standards and enforce control of the use of known carcinogens in the workplace Expanded Desirable • Assess occupational cancer risks • Develop programmes for cancer • Introduce integrated management prevention and control in the workplace of carcinogenic chemicals • Organize registries of occupational • Avoid introducing known carcinogens into the workplace • Train workers and managers in controlling occupational carcinogens • Include occupational cancer in the national list of occupational diseases • Identify workers, workplaces and worksites with exposure to carcinogens 42 exposures to carcinogens and exposed workers • Conduct assessments for • Substitute carcinogens with less hazardous substances carcinogenic risk of industrial and agricultural chemicals • Estimate the national occupational burden of disease from carcinogens Planning step 3 REDUCE EXPOSURE TO RADIATION Key tasks and interventions for addressing the cancer risk associated with both ionizing and non-ionizing radiation are: p stringent safety regulations and training for workers in relevant industries and the health sector, including if possible: • personal dose monitoring of workers for ionizing radiation; • national dose registries (likely to be feasible in high-income countries only); • regular technical control of radiation technology used for medical diagnosis or therapy; • avoiding inappropriate medical diagnostic X-ray imaging (collaboration with professional associations of radiologists and other physicians is essential for this); p programmes to reduce residential radon through building modiﬁcations in countries where this is a problem; p in countries with elevated sunlight intensity and with populations of predominantly fair skin type, educational and information campaigns focusing on UV exposure prevention (targeting either the general population or speciﬁc subgroups, such as young children and adolescents, outdoor workers or other susceptible populations); p precautionary measures to limit electromagnetic ﬁeld exposure of the public, particularly children, mainly deriving from electricity and wireless telecommunications.
Driscoll T et al. (2005). The global burden of diseases due to occupational carcinogens. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 48:419–431. • Doak CM (2002). Large-scale interventions and programmes addressing nutrition-related chronic diseases and obesity: examples from 14 countries. Public Health Nutrition, 5:275– 277. • Doak CM et al. (2006). The prevention of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: a review of interventions and programmes. Obesity Reviews, 7:111–136. , eds (2004).
WHO also welcomes requests from countries for information relevant to their speciﬁc needs. int/cancer). 45 PREVENTION REFERENCES • Armstrong TP, Bull FB (2006). Development of the World Health Organization Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Journal of Public Health, 14:66–70. • Babor TF et al. (2003). Alcohol: no ordinary commodity. Oxford, Oxford University Press. • Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer (2002). Breast cancer and breastfeeding: collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 47 epidemiological studies in 30 countries, including 50 302 women with breast cancer and 96 973 women without the disease.
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