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ISBN-10: 047085510X

ISBN-13: 9780470855102

ISBN-10: 0470856726

ISBN-13: 9780470856727

power irritation predisposes to a couple sorts of melanoma and the host reaction to malignant affliction exhibits a number of parallels with irritation and wound therapeutic. The cells interested in irritation are detected in a variety of universal cancers, including the inflammatory cytokines and participants of the chemokine ligand/receptor systems.Neutralization or deletion of the gene for a few inflammatory cytokines confers resistance to tumour induction and experimental metastasis. Over-expression of such cytokines in tumour cells could increase malignant power. sure chemokines tend to subvert antitumour immunity through favouring improvement of useless sort 2 responses. Tumour cells will also make the most of chemokine receptors in homing to lymph nodes and different organs. hence, the cells, cytokines and chemokines present in tumours usually tend to give a contribution to tumour development, development and immunosuppression than they're to mount an efficient host antitumour response.This booklet attracts jointly contributions from a world crew of scientists and clinicians from various disciplines, starting from epidemiology to immunology, telephone biology, molecular oncology, molecular medication and pharmacology to discuss those and similar concerns. themes coated contain the epidemiological hyperlinks among melanoma and irritation, the parallels among irritation and melanoma, the position of irritation in melanoma, inflammatory genes as chance elements for melanoma initiation and development, irritation and melanoma angiogenesis, and preventative and healing strategies.Related Novartis origin symposia:252 new release and Effector features of Regulatory LymphocytesChair: Jean-Fran?ois Bach254 Immunoinformatics: Bioinformatic ideas for larger realizing of Immune FunctionChair: Hans-Georg Rammensee

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A systematic nomenclature has now been introduced and Table 1 provides a list of chemokines indicating both their trivial and systematic names. Placement of a chemokine into one of the subfamilies does not predict particularly well the type of leukocyte it will attract, although all CXC CHEMOKINES TABLE 1 33 (Continued) Family Systematic name Trivial name(s) CC CCL8 CCL9/CCL10 CCL11 CCL12 CCL13 CCL14 CCL15 CCL16 CCL17 CCL18 CCL19 CCL20 CCL21 CCL22 CCL23 CCL24 CCL25 CCL26 CCL27 CCL28 MCP-2 MIP-1g, MRP-2 (mouse only) Eotaxin mMCP-5 (mouse only) MCP-4, CKb10 (human only) HCC-1, CKb1 (human only) HCC-2, MIP-5, MIP-1d (human only) HCC-4, CKb12 (human only) TARC DC-CK1, PARC, MIP-4, CKb7 (human only) MIP-3b, ELC, exodus-3, CKb11 MIP-3a, LARC, exodus-1, CKb4 SLC, 6Ckine, exodus-2, TCA4 MDC MPIF-1, CKb8, MIP-3 (human only) MPIF-2, CKb6, eotaxin-2 TECK, CKb15 Eotaxin-3, MIP-4a (human only) CTAK, ESkine, skinkine MEC (human only) C CL1 CL2 Lymphotactin, SCM-1a SCM-1b (human only) CX3C CX3CL1 Fractalkine chemokines that have the three amino acid motif ELR (glutamate^leucine^ arginine) near their N-termini are potent neutrophil attractants (Clark-Lewis et al 1991, Hebert et al 1991).

Cancer Res 58:4909^4912 Warzocha K, Ribeiro P, Bienvenu J et al 1998 Genetic polymorphisms in the tumor necrosis factor locus in£uence non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma outcome. Blood 91:3574^3581 Williams CS, Tsujii M, Reese J, Dey SK, DuBois RN 2000 Host cyclooxygenase-2 modulates carcinoma growth. J Clin Invest 105:1589^1594 Cancer and Inflammation: Novartis Foundation Symposium 256. Volume 256 Edited by Derek J. Chadwick and Jamie A. Goode Copyright  Novartis Foundation 2004. ISBN: 0-470-85510-X Chemokine-based pathogenetic mechanisms in cancer Ilaria Conti, Christine Dube and Barrett J.

Part of their activation program is a chemokine receptor switch whereby CCR6 is down-regulated and a new chemokine receptor, CCR7, is up-regulated. The ¢rst consequence of this gene expression program is that activated Langerhans cells are no longer anchored in skin because they no longer express the receptor for CCL20. The second consequence is that they are attracted to regional lymph nodes where the CCR7 ligands, CCL19 and CCL21, are synthesized. Travel to the T cell zones of the nodes then provides an opportunity for T-cell activation.

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Cancer and Inflammation (Novartis Foundation Symposium 256) by NOVARTIS

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