By Marc Milner
From its eighteenth-century roots in exploration and alternate, to the main conflicts of the 1st and moment global Wars, via to present roles in multinational operations with United international locations and NATO forces, Canada's military has been an expression of Canadian nationhood and a catalyst within the complicated means of nationwide unity.
In Canada's army: the 1st Century, Marc Milner argues that the background of the Royal Canadian army falls into 3 special sessions. until eventually 1939, the army used to be primarily a countrywide orphan - overlooked by means of executive, spurned through Canadians, composed principally of expatriate Britons, and missing a in actual fact identifiable nationwide function. the second one global battle and the postwar years observed that function outlined. in the course of the warfare, the army underwent an wonderful enlargement that introduced jointly Canadian undefined, govt, and other people to provide the 3rd biggest military on this planet via 1945. That army made a decisive contribution to profitable the struggle within the Atlantic, and, with the outbreak of the chilly battle, went directly to ascertain Canada's new and critical function as a part of a much wider western alliance within the defence of delivery within the Atlantic. in view that that point, naval historical past has been a fight to reconcile naval targets for fleet improvement with these of the govt, and to discover a countrywide identification for the provider itself.
The consequence has been the renaissance of the final twenty years, which has visible the military re-emerge from the wreckage of unification as an self reliant establishment and with the fleet thoroughly rebuilt. on the finish of the century, the military is the main smooth and in a position to Canada's armed providers, and having discarded the imperial cloak of its early years, it really is now pointed out with the kingdom it serves. Milner means that this awesome metamorphosis could have been led to by means of the coalescing of the visions of the military, the kingdom, and the country. How lengthy this may proceed is still for the subsequent century to determine.
Based on wide archival learn and interviews, Canada's army: the 1st Century is a complete exam, bound to impress dialogue, of a physique with a wealthy and engaging background. This ebook will charm not just to readers of Canadian historical past and naval affairs, but additionally to these attracted to the interwoven problems with maritime politics and economics, in addition to nationwide and overseas coverage, and defence and strategic studies.
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Additional info for Canada's Navy: The First Century
The government insisted that the ships be built in Canada, at extra cost and with some delay, in part to foster the development of a modern shipbuilding industry. The prospect of a major, federally funded shipbuilding program raised the thorny issue of patronage, and this suspicion may well have had a negative effect on the naval scheme in Ontario. Ships as large as cruisers could not be built on the Great Lakes because the canal system was still too small. There appears to have been no direct economic spinoff in the naval scheme for Ontario, nor in the development of a yard capable of employing the new expertise.
They were also dignified by the honour of adding the prefix 'Royal' to their titles. "'16 While the jurisdictional muddle was being sorted out, the government pursued its plan to build the fleet that had been announced: one Boadicea Class, four Bristols, and six destroyers. This operation proved to be a much harder task. The 24 PART ONE THE ORPHAN SERVICE government, barraged by the Tory imperialists to scrap the navy and provide direct financial aid to the Royal Navy, was anxious to start cutting steel and wanted the contracts let by 1 May 1911.
40 CHAPTER Two HOVE To, 1910-1914 31 It is easy to look back on the period before 1914 and lament the failure to find national consensus for any single naval policy. But it is important to remember that Canada's defence problems were (as they remain at the end of the twentieth century) extremely limited, yet at the same time insoluble. Then, as now, Canada was indefensible from the only country in a position to attack her. All other potential enemies had to cross vast tracks of ocean completely dominated by the preponderant naval power of the day.
Canada's Navy: The First Century by Marc Milner