By Fayez F. Safadi, Mary F. Barbe, Samir M. Abdelmagid, Mario C. Rico (auth.), Jasvir S. Khurana (eds.)
Bone Pathology is the second one variation of the booklet, A Compendium of Skeletal Pathology that released 10 years in the past. just like the earlier variation, this booklet enhances commonplace pathology texts and blends new yet quite validated info at the molecular biology of the bone. Serving as a bench-side spouse to the surgical pathologist, this new version displays new advances in our figuring out of the molecular biology of bone. New chapters on soft-tissue sarcomas and soft-tissue tumors were further in addition to numerous extra chapters similar to Soft-tissue pathology and Biomechanics. the quantity is written by way of specialists who're tested within the box of musculoskeletal ailments. Bone Pathology is a mixed attempt from authors of alternative specialties together with surgeons, pathologists, radiologists and easy scientists all of whom have in universal an curiosity in bone ailments. it will likely be of significant worth to surgical pathology citizens in addition to practising pathologists, skeletal radiologists, orthopedic surgeons and scientific students.
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Extra info for Bone Pathology
5, the CTGF protein is highly expressed in mesenchymal condensations of the developing vertebral column and is associated with strong expression of the condensation-matrix protein, fibronectin. In a model of fracture repair, CTGF mRNA and protein are expressed early in the developing fracture callus suggesting that CTGF plays a role in tissue repair. Primary high-density chick and murine limb bud micromass cultures are ideal methods of analyzing in vitro the process of mesenchymal condensation (198).
These studies are forming the basis of a rapidly evolving field of bone biology. Collagen Classification of Collagens Connective tissues contain varying amounts of collagen, elastin (a related fibrous protein), glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans. Of these, collagen is the most abundant. The details of collagen synthesis and function have been extensively reviewed in several specialized texts, and only some of the relevant aspects will be discussed. Collagens are a class of proteins with common features such as a unique triple helix composed of three component polypeptide alpha chains.
At this point, additional translational control can be exercised. F. Safadi et al. tidases (see later) are thought to act at this level. Like many other proteins, a precursor form (procollagen) is first synthesized, with peptide extensions at each end. It is at this point that the α chain of collagen is formed and is transfered into the endoplasmic reticulum. At this stage of synthesis, several amino acids are modified posttranslationally (such as hydroxylation of proline residues and lysine residues, forming hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine, respectively), the addition of sugars (such as glucose and galactose to the hydroxylysines), and the formation of hydroxylysine and lysine aldehydes.
Bone Pathology by Fayez F. Safadi, Mary F. Barbe, Samir M. Abdelmagid, Mario C. Rico (auth.), Jasvir S. Khurana (eds.)