By Carlos Ayala MD FACS, Brad Spellberg MD FIDSA
This fourth version of Pathophysiology for the forums and Wards deals the main validated info at the USMLE Step 1 in a scientific, define demeanour. This crucial advisor additionally works good as a significant other on rotations, protecting the data you must grasp your clerkships in a concise, convenient pocket-reference.
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Extra resources for Boards and Wards Series: Pathophysiology for the Boards and Wards: A Review for USMLE Step 1
LIVER 30 weeks: Portal tracts and liver cell plates are easily distinguished; hepatocytes appear mature with high nuclear: cytoplasmic ratio. Appendix 41 ILEUM 10 weeks: Intestinal villi are few in number and covered by a single layer of columnar cells. The muscularis externa is just distinguishable. ILEUM 20 weeks: Villi are longer and more numerous. Crypts are shallow. Columnar. mucus-producing epithelial cells covering villi are readily distinguished from crypt-lining cells. ILEUM 30 weeks: Villi are long and tapering.
LUNG 25 weeks: Alveolar saccules are apparent. They are lined by cuboidal epithelium. ~ LUNG " ,,' 30 weeks: Further generations of alveolar saccules have developed. Their lining epithelium is low cuboidal. LUNG 35 weeks: Terminal bronchioles and alveolar ducts are readily distinguished. Further development of alveolar saccules is apparent. The number of alveolar ducts has increased. 34 The Perinatal Necropsy LUNG 40 weeks: There has been further growth of alveoli and marked thinning of alveolar walls.
Hepatocytes have a high nuclear: cytoplasmic ratio ; haemopoiesis is extensive. LIVER 20 weeks: Connective tissue in portal tracts is more mature. less cellular. and tracts are more easily distinguished. Haemopoiesis is still abundant but liver cell plates are apparent. LIVER 30 weeks: Portal tracts and liver cell plates are easily distinguished; hepatocytes appear mature with high nuclear: cytoplasmic ratio. Appendix 41 ILEUM 10 weeks: Intestinal villi are few in number and covered by a single layer of columnar cells.
Boards and Wards Series: Pathophysiology for the Boards and Wards: A Review for USMLE Step 1 by Carlos Ayala MD FACS, Brad Spellberg MD FIDSA