By Edward E. Curtis IV
Elijah Muhammad's kingdom of Islam got here to America's recognition within the Sixties and Seventies as a thorough separatist African American social and political staff. however the stream used to be additionally a spiritual one. Edward E. Curtis IV deals the 1st entire exam of the state of Islam's rituals, ethics, theologies, and spiritual narratives, exhibiting how the circulate mixed components of Afro-Eurasian Islamic traditions with African American traditions to create a brand new type of Islamic faith.
Considering every thing from bean pies to non secular cartoons, garments kinds to prayer rituals, Curtis explains how the perform of Islam within the move incorporated the disciplining and purifying of the black physique, the reorientation of African American old awareness towards the Muslim international, an engagement with either mainstream Islamic texts and the prophecies of Elijah Muhammad, and the improvement of a holistic method of political, spiritual, and social liberation. Curtis's research pushes past essentialist rules approximately what it potential to be Muslim and promotes a view of the significance of neighborhood tactics in identification formation and appropriations of Islamic traditions.
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Additional info for Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975
1 That Martin Luther King Jr. 2 But his criticism, as outlined in the introduction, was but one of the assaults against the movement during this period. Journalists, government oﬃcials, and Muslims, including both immigrant and indigenous Americans, also criticized the . Rather than framing the as an example of poor race relations, many Muslims questioned the Islamic authenticity of the group, arguing that Elijah Muhammad’s teachings violated basic Islamic theological tenets and preached black nationalism rather than Islamic universalism.
Allah has blessed me and I have become a clean, respectable, decent upright woman. . ” . . Islam has made me put down that cigarette, that bottle and all the vices I once possessed. 49 Another woman, Margaret J. ”50 But women also noted how the had changed their men folk. 53 Another common theme in the conversion narratives is that of safety and protection, deﬁned in various ways. For example, at least one believer thought of Elijah Muhammad’s ethical commandments as a form of protection against a coming apocalypse.
11 And Elijah Muhammad made that knowledge available to believers. George X Tucker said, “In history and science Elijah stands by himself as unbeatable. 13 In addition to being more rational and scientiﬁc than Christianity, Islam was also cast as a religion of resistance and action. Former Christian minister Marvin Omar of Maywood, Illinois, who identiﬁed himself as a graduate of Howard Law School, contrasted the this-worldly nature of Elijah Muhammad’s Islam with the other-worldly and deceptive character of the white man’s Christianity.
Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975 by Edward E. Curtis IV