By Gwen Robbins Schug
Within the context of present debates approximately worldwide warming, archaeology contributes vital insights for figuring out environmental adjustments in prehistory, and the implications and responses of earlier populations to them.
In Indian archaeology, weather switch and monsoon variability are frequently invoked to give an explanation for significant demographic transitions, cultural adjustments, and migrations of prehistoric populations. throughout the overdue Holocene (1400-700 B.C.), agricultural groups flourished in a semiarid sector of the Indian subcontinent, till they precipitously collapsed. Gwen Robbins Schug integrates the latest paleoclimate reconstructions with an cutting edge research of skeletal is still from one of many final deserted villages to supply a brand new interpretation of the archaeological list of this period.
Robbins Schug's biocultural synthesis presents us with a brand new method of taking a look at the adaptive, social, and cultural changes that came about during this quarter throughout the first and moment millennia B.C. Her paintings truly and compellingly usurps the weather switch paradigm, demonstrating the complexity of human-environmental alterations. This unique and important contribution to bioarchaeological examine and technique enriches our figuring out of either worldwide weather switch and South Asian prehistory.
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Additional info for Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian Prehistory
This model predicts increases in infant morbidity and mortality rates during the Late Jorwe phase compared to the Early Jorwe phase. Lukacs and Walimbe’s model on the other hand suggests the skeletal population from the Late Jorwe phase at Inamgaon should appear healthier, with lower prevalence of growth disruption and pathological conditions than the Early Jorwe skeletal population due to the reduced reliance on agricultural food items. Skeletal materials from the Early and Late Jorwe phase have been examined to test hypotheses from the subsistence transition model, and the results were somewhat contradictory.
Pennisetum typhoidea (millet, or bajra) requires good rainfall in June, Sorghum vulgare (barley, or jowar) requires poor rain in June but good rain in July and August, and Tritium sativum (wheat, or rawa) depends on rain in late September The Western Deccan Plateau: Environment and Climate · 29 or October (Panja 1996). Farmers use mixed cropping and double cropping in the kharif (summer) and rabi (winter) seasons to cope with the extremely unpredictable and variable nature of the monsoon and the specific requirements of the seeds.
Chalcolithic people also may have had less visible strategies for dealing with environmental stressors—behavioral, cultural, and knowledge-based adaptations used to buffer their families and communities from climatic uncertainty during periods of weak monsoon. Rainwater could have been harvested (Pandey, Gupta, and Anderson 2003), irrigation systems could have been The Western Deccan Plateau: Environment and Climate · 37 devised (Dhavalikar 1988), and plants might have been harvested at different stages in their growth then processed and stored for later consumption (Mehra 1999).
Bioarchaeology and Climate Change: A View from South Asian Prehistory by Gwen Robbins Schug