By John H. Seinfeld, Spyros N. Pandis
Completely restructured and up-to-date with new findings and new features
the second one version of this the world over acclaimed textual content offers the newest advancements in atmospheric technological know-how. It is still the most desirable textual content for either a rigorous and an entire remedy of the chemistry of the ambience, masking such pivotal issues as:
* Chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere
* Formation, progress, dynamics, and homes of aerosols
* Meteorology of air pollution
* shipping, diffusion, and elimination of species within the atmosphere
* Formation and chemistry of clouds
* interplay of atmospheric chemistry and climate
* Radiative and climatic results of gases and particles
* formula of mathematical chemical/transport versions of the atmosphere
All chapters strengthen effects in keeping with primary ideas, allowing the reader to construct a great figuring out of the technology underlying atmospheric tactics. one of the new fabric are 3 new chapters: Atmospheric Radiation and Photochemistry, normal movement of the ambience, and international Cycles. moreover, the chapters Stratospheric Chemistry, Tropospheric Chemistry, and natural Atmospheric Aerosols were rewritten to mirror the most recent findings.
Readers accustomed to the 1st variation will find a textual content with new buildings and new good points that drastically reduction studying. Many examples are trigger within the textual content to assist readers paintings during the software of recommendations. complicated fabric has been moved to appendices. ultimately, many new difficulties, coded by means of measure of hassle, were extra. A options handbook is available.
completely up to date and restructured, the second one variation of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics is a perfect textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to a reference for researchers in environmental engineering, meteorology, chemistry, and the atmospheric sciences.
click on right here to obtain the ideas handbook for educational Adopters: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-292291.html
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Extra resources for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change
In spite 23 ATMOSPHERIC LIFETIME of the specific processes that affect particulate aging, the usual residence time of particles in the lower atmosphere does not exceed several weeks. Very close to the ground, the main mechanisms for particle removal are settling and dry deposition on surfaces; whereas at altitudes above about 100 m, precipitation scavenging is the predominant removal mechanism. , microscopic particles of various salts) that exist in the atmosphere at concentrations of 100-3000 cm - —and grow by condensation of water vapor.
022 × 1023 mol -1 . Concentration is the amount (or mass) of a substance in a given volume divided by that volume. Mixing ratio in atmospheric chemistry is defined as the ratio of the amount (or mass) of the substance in a given volume to the total amount (or mass) of all constituents in that volume. In this definition for a gaseous substance the sum of all constituents includes all gaseous substances, including water vapor, but not including particulate matter or condensed phase water. Thus mixing ratio is just the fraction of the total amount (or mass) contributed by the substance of interest.
3 Reactive Odd Nitrogen (NOy) Reactive nitrogen, denoted NOy, is defined as the sum of the two oxides of nitrogen (NOx = NO + NO2) and all compounds that are products of the atmospheric oxidation of NOx. These include nitric acid (HNO3), nitrous acid (HONO), the nitrate radical (NO3), dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5), peroxynitric acid (HNO4), peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) (CH3C(O)OONO2) and its homologs, alkyl nitrates (RONO2), and peroxyalkyl nitrates (ROONO2). Nitric acid (HNO3) is the major oxidation product of NOx in the atmosphere.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change by John H. Seinfeld, Spyros N. Pandis