Read e-book online Atmosphere, Weather and Climate PDF

February 2, 2018 | Weather | By admin | 0 Comments

By Roger G. Barry and Richard J. Chorley

ISBN-10: 0203428234

ISBN-13: 9780203428238

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Extra resources for Atmosphere, Weather and Climate

Example text

Processes, the maximum would occur in June near the equator, so the anomalous pattern must result from a poleward transport of ozone. Apparently, ozone moves from higher levels (30 to 40 km) in low latitudes towards lower levels (20 to 25 km) in high latitudes during the winter months. Here the ozone is stored during the polar night, giving rise to an ozone-rich layer in early spring under natural conditions. 1). The type of 16 The quantities of carbon dioxide, other greenhouse gases and particles in the atmosphere undergo long-term variations that may play an important role in the earth’s radiation budget.

Another cycle may involve an interaction of the oxides of chlorine and bromine (Br). 1). A mechanism that may enhance the catalytic process involves polar stratospheric clouds. 1 significant 20th-c. advance Ozone measurements were first made in the 1930s. Two properties are of interest: (i) the total ozone in an atmospheric column. This is measured with the Dobson spectrophotometer by comparing the solar radiation at a wavelength where ozone absorption occurs with that in another wavelength where such effects are absent; (ii) the vertical distribution of ozone.

The amount of energy received 32 at the top of the atmosphere is affected by four factors: solar output, the sun–earth distance, the altitude of the sun, and day length. 1 Solar output Solar energy originates from nuclear reactions within the sun’s hot core (16 ϫ 106 K), and is transmitted to the sun’s surface by radiation and hydrogen convection. Visible solar radiation (light) comes from a ‘cool’ (~6000 K) outer surface layer called the photosphere. Temperatures rise again in the outer chromosphere (10,000 K) and corona (106 K), which is continually expanding into space.

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Atmosphere, Weather and Climate by Roger G. Barry and Richard J. Chorley


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