By John S. Kloppenborg, John Marshall
Virtually all students agree that apocalyptic and millenarianism shaped not less than a part of the matrix of the tradition in first-century Jewish Palestine, yet there's a sharp war of words about the volume to which Jesus shared apocalyptic and millenarian ideals.
Although there was greatly written protecting or opposing an 'apocalyptic Jesus', virtually not anything has been acknowledged at the questions of what, from the viewpoint of contemporary historiography of Jesus, is at stake within the factor of even if he was once an apocalypticist or a millenarian prophet, and what's at stake in arguing that his alleged apocalypticism is a significant and defining attribute, instead of an incidental characteristic. a lot has been acknowledged at the type of Jew Jesus was once, yet virtually not anything is related on why the class of Judaism has turn into so critical to ancient Jesus debates. those questions have much less to do with the amount and personality of the to be had old proof than they do with the ways that the fashionable critic assembles facts right into a coherent photo, and the ideological and theological subtexts of ancient Jesus scholarship. students of Christian origins were fairly sluggish to inquire into the ideological situation in their personal paintings as students, however it is that this query that's an important in attaining a severe self-awareness of the bigger entailments of historic scholarship on Jesus and the early Jesus flow. This quantity starts the inquiry into the ideological situation of recent historic Jesus scholarship.
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Extra resources for Apocalypticism, Anti-Semitism and the Historical Jesus: Subtexts in Criticism
Here the stereotype is attacked by discarding it. In this way, then, both the allegedly 'non22. Crossan, Who Killed Jesus? 35; Funk and the Jesus Seminar, Acts of Jesus, 153. 23. As I suggest may be happening with 'Jewish Jesus' scholarship. As for other, contemporary, examples, they are numerous and obvious: the appropriation, reclamation and refiguring of words such as 'nigger' by blacks; of 'dyke' by lesbians; and especially of all kinds of misogynist terminology by Mary Daly (see especially her Webster's First New Intergalactic Wickedary of the English Language [in cahoots with Jane Caputi; Boston: Beacon Press, 1987]).
4. This shrill insistence on Jesus' Judaism is especially evident in the titles of many recent books on the historical Jesus. Examples include: Geza Vermes, Jesus the Jew: A Historian's Reading of the Gospels (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1973); E. P. Sanders, Jesus and Judaism (Philadelphia: Fortress; London: SCM, 1985); Meier, A Marginal Jew HI; John Dominic Crossan, The Historical Jesus: The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant (New York: HarperCollins, 1991); Geza Vermes, The Religion of Jesus the Jew (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1993); Paula Fredriksen, Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews: A Jewish Life and the Emergence of Christianity (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1999).
91. 8 What is especially interesting is that this connection will be made even when their authors explicitly disavow any anti-Semitic motivation in those they criticize. 10 Likewise Sanders, who asserts that 'genuine anti-Judaism ... 12 That such a concern - whether with Nazi ideology or with generalized anti-Semitism and anti-Judaism - is invoked, only immediately to deny its applicability, is a strong indication that it rests heavily in the minds of the scholars who mention it. The discourse of our field is attempting to establish a distance from the Germany of Adolf Hitler, and indeed the culpable anti-Judaism of our scholarly forebears.
Apocalypticism, Anti-Semitism and the Historical Jesus: Subtexts in Criticism by John S. Kloppenborg, John Marshall