Download PDF by S. D. Berkowitz: An Introduction to Structural Analysis. The Network Approach

February 2, 2018 | Sociology | By admin | 0 Comments

By S. D. Berkowitz

ISBN-10: 0409813621

ISBN-13: 9780409813623

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Extra info for An Introduction to Structural Analysis. The Network Approach to Social Research

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Bott et al. used this as a measure of the relative degree of cliquishness or closure of the networks of family members. , the extent to which the activities of husbands and wives are different and carried out separately) was also high. Where cliquishness was low (loose-knit groups), role segregation appeared to be low as well. This suggested that in more closely knit networks, there is a greater tendency to reach a consensus on norms and to be able more effectively to exert informal pressures toward conformity on members.

Basic Concepts As we noted earlier, networks consist of nodes and relations. We conventionally represent a " n o d e " by a single point in a graph, or by a circle or box corresponding to it. "Relations" are usually shown as lines joining these nodes—with different kinds of lines depicting different types of ties. 1. 2. 2 relations with arrowheads imply direction; for example, a likes ß and ß likes a. " But an undirected tie of this kind cannot be practically distinguished, on this basis alone, from a situation in which both a given tie and its reciprocal (that is, the same tie, but opposite in direction) occur simultaneously.

Or . . " 4 8 Next, he develops an algebraic model for describing completely integrated "section systems" based on these clans and uses it to derive a typology of distinct kinship structures under specified prescriptive rules. This model, while too complicated or, at least, too intricate to describe in detail here, has a number of salient features which are generally useful not only for understanding kinship structures, but for analyzing a range of similar phenomena as well. " Thus, for instance, if rows are taken to correspond to the "clans" of eligible men ("senders"), and columns to those of eligible women ("receivers"), each positive entry in the resulting array would show the appropriate column-group from which men in a given row-group must select their wives.

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An Introduction to Structural Analysis. The Network Approach to Social Research by S. D. Berkowitz


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