By John Vance Lauderdale, Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, identified to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," was once in fact one other tragic occasion in a bigger development of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged provides that proceed to this present day. On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, girls, and kids at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly coated via a blanket of snow, as a snowstorm swept throughout the geographical region. a number of days later, veteran military medical professional John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the within sight Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. stunned through what he encountered, he wrote a variety of letters to his closest relations detailing the occasions, aftermath, and everyday life at the Reservation below army career. He additionally taken care of the wounded, either Cavalry infantrymen and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the big physique of literature already on hand at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army lifestyles and a private commentary of the tragedy, untainted via self-serving memory or decorated newspaper and political studies. His feel of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specially about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's lifestyles. His correspondence presents new perception right into a common topic and used to be written on the peak of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious modifying of this tremendous assortment, a part of the toilet Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's studies on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
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Additional info for After Wounded Knee
The Doctor was assigned temporary duty at Fort Wayne, near Detroit for a few weeks in July, 1890. Numerous activities such as concerts, church functions, and the nearness of family made the next four years among the most enjoyable of the doctor's career. The Medical Department of the Army It is evident from his journal entries for December 1890 that Lauderdale had been keeping abreast of the news from the West. On 29 December 1890, as the tragedy of Wounded Knee Creek unfolded half a continent away, Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale once again received orders to report to a western station, this time to the Pine Ridge Agency on the Oglala Sioux Reservation in South Dakota.
This would require the use of troops in the place of a police force. Keeping with popular opinion of the day, he stated that the best way to control them was through fear and punishment, not by feeding and coaxing. " The second point of his article dealt with the corruption of the present Indian agents. He believed that responsibility for the welfare of so many people was a formidable task even for an honest agent, and the corrupt agent had no accountability. The Indian had no recourse except through the very agent responsible for generating the poor conditions.
The discovery of gold in the Black Hills within the reservation brought an influx of people to that beloved land, which by treaty belonged exclusively to the Lakota. The Great Sioux War of 1876, which included the famous Battle of Little Big Horn, resulted in another pact. The treaty of 1876 reduced the reservation further, including the loss to the Lakota of their beloved Black Hills (see fig. 2). 26 The "surplus" Indian lands were needed to accommodate a growing influx of European immigrants.
After Wounded Knee by John Vance Lauderdale, Jerry Green