By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change
Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and weather swap, setting and assets fee on Geosciences, department on the earth and existence experiences, nationwide learn Council
This publication recommends the initiation of an "integrated" learn software to review the function of aerosols within the anticipated international weather swap. present figuring out recommend that, even now, aerosols, essentially from anthropogenic resources, should be decreasing the speed of warming attributable to greenhouse gasoline emissions. as well as particular examine innovations, this ebook forcefully argues for 2 sorts of study software integration: integration of the person laboratory, box, and theoretical examine actions and an built-in administration constitution that includes all the involved federal firms.
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Additional info for A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change
CLIMATE FORCING BY AEROSOLS 26 Satellite observations (Minnis, 1994) suggest the potential for significant cloud modifications and hence an indirect radiative forcing from volcanic aerosols. Polarization lidar observations by Sassen (1992) in the northern midlatitudes following the Pinatubo eruption indicate that resulting changes in upper-tropospheric aerosols may have modified the microphysical and optical characteristics of upper-tropospheric clouds. Inferences from Stratospheric Aerosol Research Major volcanic eruptions provide a test of our ability to model climate change caused by transient, near-global, aerosol-induced perturbations.
1991). An alternative to classifying aerosols by regional types, based on the notion of mass balances within global biogeochemical cycles, has been used increasingly for connecting atmospheric aerosol mass concentrations and burdens to the source strengths of aerosols or their gaseous precursors. ). Because there is a wide variety of sources and molecular forms for carbonaceous aerosols, for example, there are several mass-balance About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.
Initially inhomogeneous, the forcing evolves spatially and temporally, consistent with microphysical mechanisms governing aerosol formation and removal, stratosphere-troposphere exchange, and global-scale transport. The eruption of Mt. 3, varying with location and time. The most optically thick portions of the aerosol were located between 20 and 25 km and were confined to 10°S-30°N during the early period (see Geophysical Research Letters 19, 149-218, 1992). Within two to three months, perturbed stratospheric optical depths were observed to at least 70°N, along with an enhancement in the Southern Hemisphere.
A Plan for a Research Program on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Change