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February 2, 2018 | Native American | By admin | 0 Comments

By J. Eric Thompson, George E. Stuart

A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs (Civilization of the yankee Indian)

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37 From the end of the sixteenth century onward, the first Dutch merchants who sailed to Java and the Moluccas had entered into treaties with the indigenous peoples, in particular in Bantam on Java and the Banda Islands and Ambon in the Moluccas. The initiative for some of these agreements initially came from the local rulers, who welcomed an alternative European force to change the colonial balance of power with the Portuguese. The Dutch merchants, sailing under the flag of different private companies, duly intruded in the existing diplomatic networks and signed a series of treaties highly similar in their aims and stipulations: a defensive alliance against the Portuguese and a trading agreement providing a monopoly in precious spices for the Dutch.

28 Significantly the main source Grotius uses for this exposition of different public treaties is the history of the Roman Republic, in particular Livy’s rendering of Rome’s expansion by treaty. Grotius thus builds his theory of international relations on the very same source used by Machiavelli for his imperialist republicanism. 29 Grotius decisively undermines this view. ”30 He continues arguing that such treaties are not prohibited by divine law, for neither the Old nor the New Testament say anything against such practice.

15 For Machiavelli, then, treaties proved to be useful devices to expand republican territory and to take the lead in international competition. At first sight, this view seems to be the direct opposite of the Erasmian perspective, yet in spite of their fundamental differences, the two Renaissance theorists in fact shared a common hypothesis: the claim that treaties should not be seen as tokens of peaceful recognition but rather as cunning means for territorial aggrandizement. Both Machiavelli and Erasmus characterized treaty making primarily as a cover-up for imperial self-interest.

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A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs by J. Eric Thompson, George E. Stuart

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